Jannings, Emil

born Janenz (1884-1950)
   actor, director, and film* pro-ducer; Weimar's premier character actor, best remembered as Professor Unrat in Der blaue Engel (The Blue Angel). He was born in Rorschach am Bodensee, Switzerland; his parents moved to Gorlitz when he was a child. Leaving school to work as a cabin boy, he discovered provincial theater* in the course of his travels. At eighteen he joined the Gardelegen theater company; in 1906 he went to Berlin* in hopes of gaining appointment with Max Reinhardt's* Deutsches Theater.
   Berlin provided Jannings enormous opportunity. He worked with Reinhardt and Georg Altmann of the Kleines Theater unter den Linden. His vitality, cre-ativity, and comedic talent were such that he soon matured as a character actor. Discovered by Ernst Lubitsch,* he made his film debut in Im Schutzengraben (1914). He was already widely popular when his stage breakthrough came in 1915 as a headmaster in Christian Dietrich Grabbe's Scherz, Satire, Ironie, und tiefere Bedeutung (Joke, satire, irony, and deeper significance). Thereafter he increasingly mixed stage work with film. As the male lead, he built a solid reputation in such acclaimed silent films as Madame du Barry (1919), Die Bru-der Karamasoff (1920), Anna Boleyn (1920), Danton (1921), and Peter der Grosse (1923). From 1923 he was regularly cast in key roles, notably as an old hotel doorman in F. W. Murnau's* 1924 film Der letzte Mann and as Mephisto in Murnau's Faust (1926).
   Film did not remove Jannings from the stage; he performed in numerous theater productions in both Berlin and Vienna, and he was praised for his earthy 1918 portrayal of a village judge in Kleist's Zerbrochener Krug (Broken pitcher). Under Reinhardt he appeared in Gerhart Hauptmann's* Und Pippa tanzt (1919), Walter Hasenclever's* Antigone (1920), and Hauptmann's Der weisse Heiland (1920). But film success brought a three-year sojourn (1927-1930) in Hollywood, during which he won two Academy Awards—one under the director Josef von Sternberg. With the introduction of sound, he returned to Berlin to appear in Sternberg's 1930 production The Blue Angel. Thereafter he portrayed historical figures on stage and in film and, despite financial indepen-dence, took full advantage of opportunities during the Third Reich. His 1945 retirement was as much due to failing health as to the changed political situation. Although he was justly blacklisted for his Nazi-era activity, his superlative ca-reer was deservedly marked by his two Oscars.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers; Kracauer, From Caligari to Hitler; NDB, vol. 10.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jannings, Emil — ▪ German actor original name  Theodor Friedrich Emil Janenz  born July 23, 1884, Rorschach, Switzerland died January 2, 1950, Strobl, near Salzburg, Austria       internationally known German actor famous for his tragic roles in motion pictures.… …   Universalium

  • Jannings, Emil — • Я ННИНГС (Jannings) Эмиль (26.7.1884 2.1.1950)    нем. актёр. Работал в т рах Бремена, Лейпцига и др. городов. С 1914 в берлинском Немецком т ре М. Рейнхардта. В кино с 1914 (ф. В окопе ). Известность Я. принесли костюмно историч. ф. реж. Э.… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Jannings, Emil — (1884 1950)    Actor. Jannings was among the most distinctive character actors the German theater ever produced, though he is remembered in the main for his outstanding body of film work. He began acting in small restaurant theaters in Bohemia… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Jannings, Emil — pseud. di Janenz, Theodor Friedrich Émil …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Jannings, Emil — ► (1884 1950) Actor alemán. Adoptó un estilo muy enfático de raíz expresionista. Películas: El último (1924) y Fausto (1926), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jannings — Jannings, Emil …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Emil Jannings — Données clés Nom de naissance Theodor Friedrich Emil Janenz Naissance 23 juillet 1884 Rorschach, Suisse Nationalité  Allemande …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emil Jannings — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Emil Jannings Nombre real Theodor Friedrich Emil Janenz Nacimiento 23 de julio de 1884 Ror …   Wikipedia Español

  • Emil Jannings — (23. juli 1884 3. januar 1950) var den første vinder af en oscar for bedste skuespiller. Født som Theodor Friedrich Emil Janenz i Schweiz. Jannings havde en lovende Hollywood karriere foran sig indtil tonefilmen kom frem. Hans tydelige tyske… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Emil — ist ein männlicher deutscher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Andere Sprachen 3 Umgangssprache 4 Weibliche Form …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.